All material on this site is protected under copyright law and is the intellectual property of the site owner,
Joseph P Rampolla.

Inquiries may be directed to joe@josephrampolla.com and will be answered in a timely fashion.

If you have found the information on this site useful or inspiring, please remember those less fortunate with a gift to your local Salvation Army or homeless shelter.

The site owner is not and cannot be held liable for fire, electrical shock, property damage, bodily injury, loss of life, or accident of any kind caused by electrical circuits or any ideas, projects, techniques, or information contained on this site. The visitor assumes all risk and responsibility for any loss, injury, or damage arising from the use of information, ideas, techniques, projects, concepts, components, products, and circuits on this site.

      Please refer to hobby reference materials for correct and safe use information regarding these and all electronic circuits.  These diagrams are intended to explain how things were accomplished in theory, but it is the responsibility of the individual to locate precise information regarding electrical circuits, materials, ratings of components, etc.  Do not attempt these hobby projects, or any electrical project, if you don't have the necessary skills and experience.

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